NRCDR closed on September 29, 2017. This website is not being maintained but will be available through 2019.

Placement Stability and Permanency

Interstate Placements


Interstate placements are also commonly referred to as interjurisdictional placements. We have a variety of services and tools to help you embrace interjurisdictional placements as a great option for achieving permanency, demystifying the process, and supporting your efforts in working across jurisdictional boundaries.

Key Elements and Strategies for Effective Interjurisdictional Work (PDF – 2.2 MB)
This publication focuses on real strategies and system elements that child welfare professionals have highlighted as being effective ways to support and use interjurisdictional placements in child welfare work. It includes real case studies of interjurisdictional placements and tools and resources to help build agencies’ capacity for interjurisdictional placements.

Agency Readiness Assessment for Interjurisdictional Placements (PDF – 148KB)
This self-assessment form helps agencies identify their existing capacity for supporting and making interjurisdictional placements, focusing on the areas of training, system supports, evaluation, and recruitment.

Beyond Borders: Achieving Child Permanence Across Geographic Boundaries (Flash – 20:23 min.)
A film produced by AdoptUSKids featuring professionals sharing stories and expertise about the value of interjurisdictional placements and how to make them work.

Beyond Borders DVD Companion Guide (PDF – 260KB)
Discussion questions you can use with administrators, managers, supervisors, and front-line personnel with the video above.

Dollars and Sense: A Guide to Achieving Adoptions Through Public-Private Contracting (PDF – 348 KB)
This publication serves as a starting point on purchase of service for states and counties and the private agencies they work with to help make interjurisdictional adoption services truly work.

Interjurisdictional Placement of Children in the Child Welfare System: Improving the Process (PDF – 1.3 MB)
This 2006 report from the Children's Bureau presents findings from a survey of state child welfare directors in 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The survey was designed to move beyond focusing on barriers to identifying possible solutions.

Listing of state child abuse registries and related resources
On the AdoptUSKids website, you can now access contact information, links to forms and instructions, and resources that can support agencies in completing required child abuse registry checks for prospective foster and adoptive families who have resided out-of-state. This information is for public child welfare agencies to use when seeking contact information to complete registry checks in other states or territories or obtain international records.

AdoptUSKids’ Find a Family tool (registration required)
AdoptUSKids has a database of almost 4,000 profiles of families who are home studied and approved to adopt a child or sibling group from foster care. With a simple click of a button, you can find hundreds of potential matches for children and youth on your caseload by cross matching their needs and preferences with those of families in our database. This free feature is available to both public and private child welfare agencies who register with AdoptUSKidsNote: registration is required to use this tool.

Interstate Compacts on Adoption and Foster Care

There are two interstate compacts for adoption and foster care that exist to help States streamline the process of complying with federal laws against using jurisdictional barriers as justification for delaying or denying permanency for a child. These compacts include:

Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC)
The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) establishes uniform legal and administrative procedures governing the interstate placement of children and youth. The Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (AAICPC)  is the official regulatory body for ICPC.

Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (ICAMA)
The Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (ICAMA) governs the delivery and payment of medical services and adoption assistance subsidies for children and youth with special needs who are placed in interstate adoptions. The Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (AAICAMA) is the official regulatory body for ICAMA.

Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) Receiving and Sending State Checklists
These checklists are meant to serve as a general guide on how ICPC operates for children and youth being placed across state lines. Not all steps in the lists will necessarily apply to cases in your State. If in doubt, check with your state’s ICPC administrator.

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